11 April 2023


By martin m.

The Papillon, also known as the Continental Toy Spaniel, is a small breed of dog known for its elegant and charming appearance. With its long and silky hair and butterfly-shaped ears, the Papillon is a beloved companion dog that has captured the hearts of many dog lovers. The breed is intelligent, affectionate, and active, making it a great choice for families looking for a loyal and playful pet.


Papillons are friendly, outgoing, and eager to please, making them great pets for families with children. They are intelligent and easy to train, making them well-suited for obedience competitions and other canine sports. Papillons have a playful and energetic temperament, but they are also content to snuggle up with their owners and enjoy some quality time together. They are alert and make great watchdogs, but they are not aggressive and are usually good with strangers.


Papillons are small dogs, weighing between 3 and 9 pounds and standing between 8 and 11 inches tall. They have a fine-boned and elegant build, with long and silky hair that comes in a variety of colors, including black, white, red, and sable. Their most distinctive feature is their butterfly-shaped ears, which are large and fringed with long hair. Papillons have a graceful gait and a lively demeanor.


Papillons are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain health conditions. Some of the most common health problems in Papillons include luxating patellas (kneecap dislocation), dental issues, and eye problems such as progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) and cataracts. It’s important to choose a reputable breeder who screens their dogs for these and other health issues.


The Papillon has a long and fascinating history that can be traced back to the 16th century. The breed originated in France, where it was known as the Epagneul Nain, or Dwarf Spaniel. The breed was popular among the French aristocracy and was often depicted in paintings and other works of art. In the 19th century, the breed was crossed with other toy breeds to create the modern Papillon, which is distinguished by its large, butterfly-shaped ears.

Related Dog Breeds

  • Phalene: The Phalene is a close cousin of the Papillon and is virtually identical in every way except for its ears, which are droopy instead of erect.
  • Japanese Chin: The Japanese Chin is another toy breed that shares many similarities with the Papillon, including its small size and affectionate temperament.
  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel: The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a larger toy breed that is closely related to the Papillon. It shares many of the Papillon’s traits, including its friendly and playful nature.